Geep (Goat/Sheep Crossbreed) Born On Irish Farm

A "geep" – a hybrid part-goat, part-sheep animal – has been born on a farm in Ballymore Eustace in County Kildare, Ireland. And of course, this was not planned, despite the fact that farmer Paddy Murphy sighted the mating of a goat and a Cheviot ewe five months ago. Until the geep’s birth, he had forgotten about it until now.

Mr Murphy says he plans to raise the as yet unnamed animal more as a lamb than a goat, although there is evidence of it starting to developing caprine horns. He’s simply referred to as "geep" until a name is chosen.

And while cross-breeds are not uncommon, they’re still very rare. Here are some more hybrid animals that have reached the news in recent years:

  • Zonkey: Ippo the Zonkey, the rare offspring of a male zebra and a female donkey, was born at an animal reserve in Florence, Italy, after a zebra hopped over a fence to mate with a donkey. Read More
  • Donkra: After a union with a male donkey and a female zebra, this rare "donkra" was born at the Haicang Zoo in China. Although the adorable little fellow almost died during delivery, he’s doing well. Read More
  • Liliger: Kiara the Liliger is the world’s first cross-breed between a male African lion and a female liger (itself a cross-breed between a lion and a tiger), which was born in a Siberian zoo. Read More

Nature can produce some weird, wonderful and beautiful things and these are just some examples of that.

PF Sadly Neglected, But Not Forgotten

Sadly, Paranormal Footprints has been neglected, but it certainly hasn’t been forgotten.

Between work and focusing on other projects, particularly my RPG Maker VX game (in development), The Gladiator Project, there aren’t enough hours in the day to accomplish everything.

So, I’ll start posting interesting paranormal, spiritual and psychic articles and videos, taken from Facebook, Google+, Twitter, and various other resources. The target is every other day.

Many will be short and sweet, but they will be interesting; some will be "faked" for the purposes of analysis; some will be from others’ investigations; and some will be just pure weird.

Harold Ramis’ Death – In Memorandum

Ghostbusters Team

Harold Ramis’ death was announced today. Best known for playing the bespectacled Dr. Egon Spengle in the Ghostbusters movie franchise, has died, aged 69, of autoimmune inflammatory vasculitis.

He was also a talented writer and director, whose credits included Caddyshack and Animal House. He also co-wrote Groundhog Day and Stripes, both of which featured Ghostbuster co-star Bill Murray.

Apparently, he was quiet about his illness, which dated back to 2010, but several friends visited him recently, among them was Bill Murray from whom he had been estranged for years (according to the Chicago Tribune.

The star had reportedly been quiet about his illness, which dated back to 2010.

Harold Ramis’ Death Reactions

An outpouring of tributes appeared on Twitter. Billy Crystal, who starred in the mobster comedy Analyze This and its sequel Analyze That, directed by Ramis, stated:

Sad to hear my friend Harold Ramis passed away.

Seth McFarlane, creator of Family Guy, said:

Harold Ramis was a brilliant, shining example for every comedy writer.

Ramis was born in Chicago to convenience store owners Ruth and Nathan. He studied at Washington University in St Louis and, on graduation, briefly worked in a psychiatric ward. His career began as a writer by penning arts stories for his local newspaper and editing Playboy magazine’s "party jokes" section.

After leaving the magazine, he joined Chicago’s renowned Second City improvised comedy troupe but said he realised his limitations as a performer after encountering John Belushi.

When I saw how far he was willing to go to get a laugh or to make a point on stage, the language he would use, how physical he was, throwing himself literally off the stage, taking big falls, strangling other actors, I thought: ‘I’m never going to be this big.’

Instead, he played the straight man – acting as a sardonic foil to Bill Murray in the army comedy Stripes.

In Ghostbusters he played a very priggish, scientifically minded member of the Ghostbusters team. The film, a global smash in 1984 when it first came out, spawned a 1989 sequel, as well as a long-running long-running cartoon series featuring the voracious Slimer. Despite his death, however, the third instalment, in development for several years already, is still going ahead according to Indie Wire.

Ramis did acknowledge that the ghostly comedy was his most memorable work, but he took pride in its longevity. Indeed, the film remains one of the most successful comedy movies of all time.

He is survived by his wife, Erica, sons Julian and Daniel, daughter Violet and two grandchildren.

Read the full story on the BBC News website.

American Horror Story Season 4

American Horror Story

American Horror Story is a horror-themed "anthology series" TV show, created and produced by Ryan Murphy and Brad Falchuk, with each season conceived as a self-contained miniseries that follows a disparate set of characters in various settings and time periods, and a storyline with its own "beginning, middle, and end".

I started watching the series from the beginning, but I don’t have a favourite theme, as each season has its own theme, quality and appeal. If I were forced to choose, however, it would have to be Asylum.

American Horror Story Seasons

First for some factlets about the show. The series is broadcast on the cable television channel FX in the Fall of each year.

American Horror Story

American Horror Story: Murder House
(Season 1)

Image taken from Wikimedia Commons

Season 1 – American Horror Story: Murder House

The first season, which was retroactively renamed, premiered on October 5, 2011, and concluded on December 21, 2011. The series follows the story of a modern family that moves into a home haunted by its former occupants.

American Horror Story: Asylum

American Horror Story: Asylum
(Season 2)

Image taken from Wikimedia Commons

Season 2 – American Horror Story: Asylum

The second season premiered on October 17, 2012, and concluded on January 23, 2013. It takes place in 1964 and follows the stories of the inhabitants of an institution for the criminally insane.

American Horror Story: Coven

American Horror Story: Coven
(Season 3)

Image taken from Wikimedia Commons

Season 3 – American Horror Story: Coven

The third season premiered on October 9, 2013, and concluded on January 29, 2014. Its main focus revolves around two time periods in the 1800s and 2013, following the battle between witches and voodoo practitioners.

American Horror Story has been a remarkable and original series throughout and is deservedly gaining in popularity. It has been generally well-received by TV critics, and the first season became the biggest new cable series of 2011. The show has drawn consistently high ratings.

The repertory cast have been critically acclaimed, notably Jessica Lange, who received the Emmy Award, the Golden Globe Award, and the Screen Actors Guild Award for her performance. Other well-known cast members are: Lily Rabe (Commander Lyme in The Hunger Games: Mockingjay) and Taissa Farmiga (Sam Moore in The Bling Ring, and also sister to Vera Farmiga, who played Lorraine Warren in The Conjuring).

American Horror Story Season 4

On November 6, 2013, FX confirmed its renewal of the TV show for a fourth season of 13 episodes to air in October 2014. They have also loosely confirmed that a fifth series may be in the pipeline as well.

When American Horror Story: Coven ended, and shortly following the announcement, there has been much speculation on the theme of the next instalment. At the moment, this is a closely guarded secret, although Ryan Murphy has given tantalising clues but very little actual information as to Season 4′s storyline and setting.

As a result, there have been a slew of fake teasers. The following in particular have caused quite a buzz and I’ve seen them shared virally: AHS: Circus, AHS: Carnival, AHS: Slenderman and even AHS: Bigfoot. Please note that NONE of these are the next "official" titles of Season 4.

According to Entertainment Weekly and New Now Next:

  • Ralph Murphy has confirmed that Season’s 4 theme is NOT Circus (Carnival as well).

    I saw those posters. I don’t know where people came up with that idea. Sometimes I think its people wanting us to do topics and doing fan posters.

  • Season 4 is a combination of things.

    It’s a combination of two time periods, with the main one being the 1950s. I don’t know. We haven’t started writing it yet, so I don’t really know the tone.

  • Nobody has guessed the actual theme for Season 4 (to date).

    No one has completely guessed what it [Season 4] is.

  • Like Coven, Season 4 will have funny moments.

    I like that we had a lot of comedy in this year [Season 3], and I like the comic characters, so I think that will remain. … My feeling is, if you loved this season, you’ll love next season. It has the same sort of comedic tone to it.

I hope this has clarified things and dispelled the myths (and mystery) surrounding American Horror Story Season 4. I will definitely keep an eye on the series and will post more information as and when it’s revealed.

Psi Testing: Dice Test

Dice - Psi Test

Dice – Psi Test

The purpose of this "psi test" is to try and guess the outcome of various dice rolls. Typically, you will guess 1 out of 6 rolls correctly and out of 20 rolls, the probability is somewhere between 3 and 7.

With the results, psi researchers can determine if there is a "significant" level of ESP ability or not, based on statistics and probability.

For this test, you will be rolling the dice, although it can be easily adapted to test someone else.


For this test, you will need at least one six-sided die.

On a blank sheet of paper, make three columns and title them "No. Trials", "Guess Result" and "Die Result".

In the "No. Trials" column, write the numbers 1 through 20. This represents the number of "runs" or "trials" for the test. (You can expand this number for better results. A general rule of thumb is 100 runs.)


Hold the die in your hand and try to guess what number will result when you roll the die. Write your guess number in the "Guess Result" next to the corresponding trial number.

Roll the die and record the results in the "Die Result" next to the number you guessed.
Repeat this process until all 20 trials have been completed.


Total the number of times you guessed the number ("Dice Result") correctly. This is your "Guess Total".

  • If the Guess Total is between 1 and 3 (5%-15%), the results are "below average", indicating no significant psychic ability whatsoever.
  • If the Guess Total is between 4 and 6 (16%-30%), the results are "average", indicating that there is no significant psychic ability present and the results are purely down to chance.
  • If the Guess Total is between 7 and 9 (31%-45%), the results are "above chance", indicating a significantly higher presence of psychic ability, but the results can still be attributed to chance or luck.
  • If the Guess Total is between 10 and 15 (46%-75%), the results are "significant", indicating a significantly high level of psychic ability.
  • If the Guess Total is above 15 (75%-100%), the results are "above significant" and cannot be attributed purely to chance or luck.

Note: Results above 15 out of 20 trials are not likely and it is highly unlikely that anyone will score the full 20 points or 100%.

Types of Mediums

The Other Side

The Other Side
Borrowed from Daily Grail

Mediumship is the psychic ability to communicate with the spirits of those that have passed away, such as loved ones or earthbound spirits. Mediums use any of the Clair Senses – Clairvoyance, Clairaudience and Clairsentience – individually or in combination to communicate with the spirits. It is a broad subject that overlaps many areas of parapsychology.

It’s worth reading this interesting article, which describes a case study for a correlation between mediums and mental states/brain activity.

Main Types of Mediums

Automatic Mediums

These are mediums who enter a shallow trance-like state that allows them to unconsciously connect with spirits, enabling them to write or draw without conscious volition. Automatic mediums usually don’t remember what they produced.

Clairvoyant Mediums

These are the same as Clairvoyants, who utilize the "powers of sight" alongside the other Clair Senses to communicate with spirits.

Convulsive Mediums

These are mediums that enter a trance-like state when channelling into the ethereal planes, trembling uncontrollably, and spirits or entities communicate directly through them.

Mental Mediums

These are mediums who receive mental images or psychic impressions. Where a mental medium sees spirits in front of them, it can be said that the connection is possibly linked with the visual cortex of the brain.

Physical Mediums

These are mediums who communicate with spirits through both the physical energies and the consciousness of the medium. The production of physical phenomena – lights, sounds, materialization, elongation, levitation, ectoplasm, etc. – is often associated with physical mediums. In most (not all) cases, physical mediumship involves a trance-like state.

Séance Mediums

These types communicate with spirits or act as a spokespeople for the spirits at séances. The rise in popularity of séances during the Victorian era gave rise to many charlatans, who were eager to cash in on them. It was easy for them to place props – such as invisible wires – before séance proper took place. Not all séance mediums were (or are) charlatans, but the majority of them during this time were, thereby discrediting those genuine ones whose motives were less focused on profit.

Trance Mediums

These are mediums who enter a deep, trance-like state in order to channel into the spirit world and communicate with spirits. They are usually unaware of anything they said or did during their trance after exiting from it.

Other Types of Medium

There’s also another type of medium worth mentioning. Where there’s an opportunity to make money, there will inevitably be scam artists eager to capitalize on it.

Fraudulent Mediums

They deliberately deceive people into thinking that they mediums, falsely proclaiming to give accurate information from the “spirit worlds”. Many tools and other rigged apparatus to produce paranormal phenomena – such as the levitation of objects or the production of ectoplasm – are used. This was predominant during the various spiritualist movements, when Victorians became fascinated by paranormal phenomena.

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